American Indian MOH Recipient Showed Incredible Bravery During Korean War

By Marine Corps Staff Sgt. Jen S. Martinez,
Defense Media Activity

This blog is part of a weekly series called “Medal of Honor Monday,” in which we’ll highlight one of the 3,500 Medal of Honor recipients who have earned the U.S. military’s highest medal for valor. 

North Dakota National Guard Master Sgt. Woodrow Keeble. Army National Guard photo

This week’s spotlight is on Army National Guard Master Sgt. Woodrow W. Keeble.

Keeble was born and raised on the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation and joined the North Dakota National Guard in 1941. He was on track to becoming a pitcher for the Chicago White Sox when his unit was called into active duty.

Keeble served with Company I, 164th Infantry Regiment – the first Army unit on Guadalcanal. This is where he earned the first of his four Purple Hearts, his first Bronze Star and a reputation as a ferocious fighter. The Marine units that fought with him were so impressed they submitted his name for a Navy Combat Citation.

“The safest place to be was right next to Woody,” said James Fenelon, a member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota, who fought with Keeble on Guadalcanal.

After World War II, Keeble returned home to North Dakota to teach at the Wahpeton Indian School, which he attended as a child.

He then volunteered to return to active duty in January 1951 when the 164th Infantry Regiment reactivated for the Korean War.

“Somebody has to teach these kids how to fight,” he said.

By mid-October, Keeble, a salty master sergeant, volunteered to take charge of three platoons after their officers and platoon leaders were wounded or killed in action. A week later, his actions to support his soldiers earned him a Distinguished Service Cross and would later earn him the Medal of Honor.

After seeing one of his platoons pinned down by enemy fire, Keeble single-handedly crawled through and overtook three fortified enemy machine gun positions with his machine gun and some grenades. The company successfully seized its objective and won the battle.

Maj. Gen. David Sprynczynatyk (left), North Dakota adjutant general and Vern Skaug preview ND National Guard Master Sgt. Woodrow W. Keeble’s official “N.D. Rough Rider” portrait at the N.D. State Capitol on July 17, 2008. Keeble was awarded the “Rough Rider” award on July 23, 2008, after he received the Medal of Honor posthumously. Skaug painted this portrait along with 20 others for the capitol gallery. Photo by Bill Prokopyk

Keeble once again returned to North Dakota after the Korean War. After he lost a lung to tuberculosis, and later lost his wife to illness, he was forced to sell his medals to pay his medical bills. Despite his hardships, Keeble remained a kind-hearted, upbeat man, family and friends said.

Keeble passed away in 1982, leaving behind his children Earl, Russ, and Kathryn; and his second wife, Blossom.

After a long battle to upgrade his Distinguished Service Cross, Keeble’s family was finally granted their wish. President George W. Bush passed Keeble’s Medal of Honor to his children in a ceremony in March 2008, making Keeble the first member of the Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate to earn the honor. He remains one of the most decorated soldiers in North Dakota history.

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American Indian MOH Recipient Showed Incredible Bravery During Korean War